The main periodontal diseases are GINGIVITIS and PERIODONTITIS.
Gingivitis is the most common gum disease. It is due to the accumulation of bacterial plaque at the line where teeth and gums meet. Over time the plaque turns into a hard deposit, tartar, which irritates the gums. The bacteria and toxins that are produced infect the soft tissue producing gingivitis (inflammation of the gingiva or gum). It is important to treat it because it can also lead to periodontitis (pyorrhoea).
The infection in this case reaches the bone, endangering the support of our teeth. If it is not treated, we can lose teeth and we also run the risk of the infection passing into the bloodstream and affecting other organs. There is a proven link between oral infections and cardiovascular problems and it would be a shame to let our heart suffer because we do not go to the dentist.
Peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis
We can say that it is the same as gingivitis and periodontitis but in the case that we do not have natural teeth but dental implants. In order for the implants to last in perfect condition, they must be cared for and daily hygienic care must be maintained. Because the implant does not have cavities but the gums can be damaged.